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Interactive EAR

Chapter VII

§ 744.22 Restrictions on exports, reexports, and transfers (in-country) to certain military-intelligence end uses or end users.

This version is the current regulation | Last updated: July 18, 2024

(a) General prohibition. In addition to the license requirements for items specified on the Commerce Control List (CCL ) (supplement no. 1 to part 774 of the EAR ), you may not export, reexport, or transfer (in-country) any item subject to the EAR without a license from BIS if, at the time of the export, reexport, or transfer (in-country), you have “knowledge” that the item is intended, entirely or in part, for a 'military-intelligence end use' in Belarus, Burma, Cambodia, the People's Republic of China (China), Russia, or Venezuela; or a country listed in Country Groups E:1 or E:2 (see supplement no. 1 to part 740 of the EAR ), or for a Belarusian, Burmese, Cambodian, Chinese, Russian, or Venezuelan 'military-intelligence end user' or a 'military-intelligence end user' of a country listed in Country Group E:1 or E:2, wherever located. 'Military intelligence end-users' located outside of Belarus, Burma, Cambodia, the People's Republic of China (China), Russia, or Venezuela; or a country listed in Country Groups E:1 or E:2, are limited to entities identified under paragraph (f)(2) of this section.

(b) Additional prohibition on those informed by BIS. BIS may inform you either individually by specific notice, through amendment to the EAR published in the Federal Register, or through a separate notification published in the Federal Register, that a license is required for specific exports, reexports, or transfers (in-country) of any item subject to the EAR because there is an unacceptable risk of use in, or diversion to, a 'military-intelligence end use' in Belarus, Burma, Cambodia, China, Russia, or Venezuela; or a country listed in Country Group E:1 or E:2 (see supplement no. 1 to part 740 of the EAR ), or for a Belarusian, Burmese, Cambodian, Chinese, Russian, or Venezuelan 'military-intelligence end user' or a 'military-intelligence end user' of a country listed in Country Group E:1 or E:2, wherever located.

(c) License exception. Notwithstanding the prohibitions described in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section, you may export, reexport, or transfer (in-country) items subject to the EAR under the provision of License Exception GOV set forth in § 740.11(b)(2)(ii) of the EAR .

(d) License application procedure. When submitting a license application pursuant to this section, you must state in the “additional information” block of the application that “this application is submitted because of the license requirement in § 744.22 of the EAR (Restrictions on exports, reexports, and transfers (in-country) to certain military-intelligence end uses or end users).” In addition, either in the additional information block of the application or in an attachment to the application, you must include all known information concerning the military-intelligence end use(s) or end user(s) of the item(s). If you submit an attachment with your license application, you must reference the attachment in the “additional information” block of the application.

(e) License review policy. Applications to export, reexport, or transfer (in-country) items requiring a license pursuant to paragraph (a) or (b) of this section will be reviewed with a presumption of denial.

(f) Definitions. (1) 'Military-intelligence end use' means the “development,” “production,” operation, installation (including on-site installation), maintenance (checking), repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of, or incorporation into, items described on the U.S. Munitions List (USML) (22 CFR part 121, International Traffic in Arms Regulations), or classified under ECCNs ending in “A018” or under “600 series” ECCNs, which are intended to support the actions or functions of a 'military-intelligence end user,' as defined in this section.

(2) 'Military-intelligence end user' means any intelligence or reconnaissance organization of the armed services (army, navy, marine, air force, or coast guard); or national guard. For license requirements applicable to other government intelligence or reconnaissance organizations of these countries, see § 744.21. 'Military-intelligence end users' subject to the license requirements set forth in this section located in Belarus, Burma, Cambodia, China, Russia, or Venezuela; or a country listed in Country Groups E:1 or E:2 (see supplement no. 1 to part 740 of the EAR ) include, but are not limited to, the 'military-intelligence end users' identified in this paragraph (f)(2). For 'military-intelligence end users' located in all other countries this paragraph (f)(2) is an exhaustive listing.

(i) Burma. Office of Chief of Military Security Affairs (OCMSA) and the Directorate of Signal.

(ii) Cambodia. General Department of Research and Intelligence (GDRI).

(iii) Cuba. Directorate of Military Intelligence (DIM) and Directorate of Military Counterintelligence (CIM).

(iv) China, People's Republic of. Intelligence Bureau of the Joint Staff Department.

(v) Iran. Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Intelligence Organization (IRGC-IO) and Artesh Directorate for Intelligence (J2).

(vi) Korea, North. Reconnaissance General Bureau (RGB).

(vii) Russia. Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU).

(viii) Syria. Military Intelligence Service.

(ix) Venezuela. General Directorate of Military Counterintelligence (DGCIM).

(x) Belarus. The Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Belarus.

(xi) Other countries. Paragraph (f)(2)(ix) of this section identifies 'military-intelligence end users' located in all countries other than those identified in paragraphs (f)(2)(i) through (x) of this section.

[86 FR 70019, Dec. 9, 2021, as amended at 87 FR 13060, Mar. 8, 2022; 87 FR 57081, Sept. 16, 2022]